Polymer Fiber Surgical Sealants
Surgical care suffers from a lack of materials that enable patient specific intervention. The development of practical and efficient tissue sealants has the propensity to enhance surgical competency and reduce the incidence of complications. Towards this goal, we utilize solution blow spinning to rapidly generate conformal polymer fiber mats directly on any surface, including tissue.
Research in stretchable conductors has expanded significantly due to interest in materials for mechanically deformable circuitry with application in flexible electronics including flexible displays, antennas, transistors, solar cells, smart textiles, and actuators. We use elastomer nanoparticle composites to create stretchable conductors that maintain their electrical properties under high percentages of strain.
Solid Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium-ion Batteries
Polymer electrolytes for Lithium-ion batteries. The development of these electrolytes can lead to safer, more mechanically robust batteries that are able to utilize higher voltage cathodes.
The spectrum of available materials used in flexible electronics has expanded due to recent nanomaterial development. We are working on functional composite materials with mechanical elasticity that possess high dielectric and magnetic properties which can be used for a variety of flexible electronic devices including radio-frequency (RF) antennas, sensors and electronic identification chips.
Sensors for Metabolic Disorders
Many patients with genetic disorders affecting metabolism have no options for at home or bedside monitoring of the disorder. This makes management very complicated and cumbersome for both the patient and the attending physician. The Kofinas Lab is investigating methods to fabricate ‘near-patient’ of these genetic disorders by leveraging nanostructured materials in tandem with microfluidic and paper fluidic technologies.
Polymer-based Photonic Crystal Sensors
We use hydrogel nanocomposites and self-assembled block copolymers as biosensing platforms. These materials exhibit a colorimetric shift in response to specific chemistries or enzymatic activity. The applicability of these gels encompasses point-of-care sensors, passive environmental sensors, and smart materials for cellular sensing or stimulation.